Financial frictions, real estate collateral, and small firm activity in Europe
Ryan Banerjee and
No 868, Staff Reports from Federal Reserve Bank of New York
We observe significant heterogeneity in the correlation between changes in house prices and the growth of small firms across certain countries in Europe. We find that, overall, the correlation is far greater in Southern Europe than in Northern Europe. Using a simple model, we show that this heterogeneity may relate to financial frictions in a country. We confirm the model?s propositions in a number of empirical analyses for the following countries in Northern and Southern Europe: the United Kingdom, Norway, France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal. Small firms in countries with higher financial frictions (for example, places where bankruptcy resolution is more difficult and/or takes longer) see a greater dependence on ?stable? real estate collateral. This is most pronounced for opaque (for example, very young) firms. Through an extension to our model and our choice of specification, we show that our findings are most consistent with a collateral-value-based credit supply channel and rule out a consumer-driven demand effect.
Keywords: firm financing; real estate collateral; credit supply; bankruptcy laws; financial frictions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G30 G33 K11 O47 R30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cfn, nep-eec, nep-sbm and nep-ure
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