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On-line Bayesian estimation of AR signals in symmetric alpha-stable noise

Marco Lombardi () and Simon J. Godsill ()
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Simon J. Godsill: Cambridge University Engineering Department, Signal Processing Lab, http://www-sigproc.eng.cam.ac.uk/~sjg

Econometrics Working Papers Archive from Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti"

Abstract: In this paper we propose an on-line Bayesian filtering and smoothing method for time series models with heavy-tailed alpha-stable noise, with a particular focus on TVAR models. alpha-stable processes have been shown in the past to be a good model for many naturally occurring noise sources. We first point out how a filter that fails to take into account the heavy-tailed character of the noise performs poorly and then examine how an alpha-stable based particle filter can be devised to overcome this problem. The filtering methodology is based on a scale mixtures of normals (SMiN) representation of the alpha-stable distribution, which allows efficient Rao-Blackwellised implementation within a conditionally Gaussian framework, and requires no direct evaluation of the alpha-stable density, which is in general unavailable in closed form. The methodology is shown to work well, outperforming the traditional Gaussian methods both on simulated data and on real audio data sets.

Keywords: Particle filters; Kalman filter; Alpha-stable distributions; Scale mixture of normals. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm and nep-ets
Date: 2004-05-01
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Published in Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on, Feb. 2006, 54, 2: 775-779. doi: 10.1109/TSP.2005.861886

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