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Comparing Parametric and Nonparametric Regression Methods for Panel Data: the Optimal Size of Polish Crop Farms

Tomasz Czekaj and Arne Henningsen

No 2012/12, IFRO Working Paper from University of Copenhagen, Department of Food and Resource Economics

Abstract: We investigate and compare the suitability of parametric and non-parametric stochastic regression methods for analysing production technologies and the optimal firm size. Our theoretical analysis shows that the most commonly used functional forms in empirical production analysis, Cobb-Douglas and Translog, are unsuitable for analysing the optimal firm size. We show that the Translog functional form implies an implausible linear relationship between the (logarithmic) firm size and the elasticity of scale, where the slope is artificially related to the substitutability between the inputs. The practical applicability of the parametric and non-parametric regression methods is scrutinised and compared by an empirical example: we analyse the production technology and investigate the optimal size of Polish crop farms based on a firm-level balanced panel data set. A nonparametric specification test rejects both the Cobb-Douglas and the Translog functional form, while a recently developed nonparametric kernel regression method with a fully nonparametric panel data specification delivers plausible results. On average, the nonparametric regression results are similar to results that are obtained from the parametric estimates, although many individual results differ considerably. Moreover, the results from the parametric estimations even lead to incorrect conclusions regarding the technology and the optimal firm size.

Keywords: production technology; nonparametric econometrics; panel data; Translog; firm size; Polish crop farms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C23 D24 Q12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-bec, nep-ecm and nep-eff
Date: 2012-10
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