The impact of Bolsa FamÃlia on schooling: Girlsâ€™ advantage increases and older children gain
Alan de Brauw (),
Daniel Gilligan (),
John Hoddinott () and
No 1319, IFPRI discussion papers from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
We estimate the impact of Bolsa FamÃlia on a range of education outcomes, including school participation, grade progression, grade repetition, and dropout rates. Using a large-sample household panel survey from 2005â€“2009 collected for this evaluation, we develop a statistically balanced comparison group of eligible nonparticipant households and estimate impacts using propensity-score-weighted regression. We estimate that Bolsa FamÃlia increased average school participation among all children age 6 to 17 years by (a weakly significant) 4.5 percent. It had no effect on grade promotion, on average. However, within the subsample of girls, Bolsa FamÃlia caused substantial improvements in schooling outcomes, including significant increases in school participation (8.2 percent) and rates of grade progression (10.4 percent). We show that the gains in girlsâ€™ schooling do not derive from catch-up effects, but rather increase girlsâ€™ existing advantage in schooling attainment. In general, impacts are larger among older children, in rural areas, and in the Northeast.
Keywords: Education; Gender; Poverty; conditional cash transfers (CCT) programs; Bolsa FamÃlia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1319
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