Development of the project-level Womenâ€™s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (pro-WEAI)
Hazel J. Malapit,
Agnes R. Quisumbing,
Elena M. Martinez,
Ana Vaz and
Kathryn M. Yount
No 1796, IFPRI discussion papers from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
In this paper, the authors describe the adaptation and validation of a project-level WEAI (or pro-WEAI) that agricultural development projects can use to identify key areas of womenâ€™s (and menâ€™s) disempowerment, design appropriate strategies to address identified deficiencies, and monitor project outcomes related to womenâ€™s empowerment. The 12 pro-WEAI indicators are mapped to three domains: intrinsic agency (power within), instrumental agency (power to), and collective agency (power with). A gender parity index compares the empowerment scores of men and women in the same household. The authors describe the development of pro-WEAI, including: (1) pro-WEAIâ€™s distinctiveness from other versions of the WEAI; (2) the process of piloting pro-WEAI in 13 agricultural development projects during the Gender, Agriculture, and Assets Project, phase 2 (GAAP2); (3) analysis of quantitative data from the GAAP2 projects, including intrahousehold patterns of empowerment; and (4) a summary of the findings from the qualitative work exploring concepts of womenâ€™s empowerment in the project sites. The paper concludes with a discussion of lessons learned from pro-WEAI and possibilities for further development of empowerment metrics.
Keywords: agricultural development; empowerment; gender; women; gender equality; agency; multidimensional measurement; Women's empowerment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fpr:ifprid:1796
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