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Development under conditions of inequality and distrust: Social cohesion in Latin America

Marco Ferroni, Maria Mercedes Mateo-Berganza Diaz () and Mark Payne

No 777, IFPRI discussion papers from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Abstract: "This paper analyzes the role of social cohesion in economic and institutional development and, broadly, the creation of welfare in Latin America. The paper defines the concept of social cohesion with reference to the notions of social capital and inequality. Using data and literature on Latin America, the paper argues that low interpersonal trust and entrenched inequality interfere with cohesion. The paper develops and introduces an exploratory index of cohesion structured around the definition proposed. Relying on correlations, and with appropriate caveats, the paper uses this index to explore tentative linkages between levels of cohesion and development outcomes. The paper presents evidence of positive linkages among social cohesion and economic growth, investment and innovation capacity, governmental effectiveness, the quality of public policies, and the predictability of the policy environment. Finally, the paper discusses the significance of these findings and some of the policy implications." from Author's Abstract

Keywords: Social cohesion; Social capital; Trust; Inequality; Exclusion; Opportunities; Governance; Institutional development; economic growth; Development strategies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-soc
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

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