Does social capital build women's assets?: The long-term impacts of group-based and individual dissemination of agricultural technology in Bangladesh
Neha Kumar and
Agnes Quisumbing ()
No 97, CAPRi working papers from International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
This paper investigates the longâ€“term impact of agricultural technologies, disseminated using different implementation modalities, on menâ€™s and womenâ€™s asset accumulation in rural Bangladesh. Data were collected in 1996â€“97 to examine the effects of the adoption of new vegetable varieties and polyculture fishpond management technologies on household resource allocation, incomes, and nutrition, and a followup survey was conducted ten years later. We make three types of comparisons using nearest neighbor matching, comparing (1) early and late adopters of the technology; (2) NGO members with access to the technology and those without access to the technology; and (3) NGO members vs. nonâ€“NGO members. Our results suggest that implementation modalities are important in determining the impact of new technologies on menâ€™s and womenâ€™s asset accumulation. Womenâ€™s assets increase more relative to menâ€™s when technologies are disseminated through womenâ€™s groups. These findings are robust to controls for unobserved householdâ€“level characteristics. These results suggest that social capital, as embodied through womenâ€™s groups, not only serves as a substitute for physical assets in the short run, but helps to build up womenâ€™s asset portfolios in the long run.
Keywords: assets; Gender; Impact evaluation; Social capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Does social capital build women's assets? The long-term impacts of group-based and individual dissemination of agricultural technology in Bangladesh (2011)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fpr:worpps:97
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