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Birth weight and long-term outcomes in a developing country

Marie Baguet and Christelle Dumas ()

No 465, FSES Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Freiburg/Fribourg Switzerland

Abstract: This paper analyzes the empirical relationship between endowment at birth and long-term outcomes. Birth weight has been shown to influence outcomes later in life, suggesting that in-utero shocks have long lasting consequences. However, traditional measures of human capital at birth (i.e. birth weight) are potentially measured with error and endogenous. We deal with such issues thanks to the use of a long panel of children born in 1983 in Cebu (Philippines) and interviewed repeatedly until 2005. Our contribution is threefold. First, we build a refined health endowment measure netted out from prenatal investments. Our results show that the usual estimate of birth weight exceeds by 50\% the true causal effect of birth weight on later outcomes. Second, initial endowments affect trajectories both through the human capital production function and parental investment. The effect of birth endowment fades out over time but remains until adulthood. The fading out is very limited for health outcomes but more pronounced for educational outcomes. Finally, we find that parents tend to reinforce initial health endowments, but the effect of this behavior has almost no effect on final outcomes.

Keywords: human capital investment; health; inequality; endowments; Philippines (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J18 J24 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2015-11-23
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hea and nep-sea
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