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The Effects of Gender and Parental Occupation in the Apprenticeship Market: An Experimental Evaluation

Ana Fernandes, Martin Huber and Camila Plaza ()
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Camila Plaza: University of Basel, Postal: Peter Merian-Weg 6, CH-4002 Basel

No 506, FSES Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Freiburg/Fribourg Switzerland

Abstract: The apprenticeship market is the earliest possible entry into the workforce in developed economies. Since early labor market shocks are likely magnified throughout professional life, avoiding mismatches between talent and occupations e.g. due to gender- or status-based discrimination appears crucial. This experimental study investigates the effects of applicant gender and its interaction with parental occupation on callback rates in the Swiss apprenticeship market, i.e. invitations to an interview, assessment center, or trial apprenticeship. Our correspondence test consists of sending out fictitious job applications with randomized gender and parental occupation to apprenticeship vacancies in four Swiss regions. We by and large find no robust evidence of differential treatment by employers, as gender and parental occupation do not affect callback rates in a statistically significant way in most cases.

Keywords: Field Experiment; Correspondence Test; Discrimination; Gender; Parental Occupation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 J16 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2019-09-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-exp, nep-gen, nep-lab and nep-soc
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