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Criação, destruição e realocação de empregos em países selecionados: uma meta-análise

Ricardo Schmidt Filho (), Luiz Esteves () and Mauricio Bittencourt ()

No 91, Working Papers from Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper uses meta-analysis to investigate job creation, job destruction, and job reallocation among 62 studies for 35 countries for the period 1963-2007. The analysis aimed to clarify some stylized facts from the literature about the topic such as the differences among industrial and service sectors, differences among developing and developed countries, the relationship among economic growth, opening of the economy, and job flow. The main results found were: 1) the industrial sector destroys more jobs and creates fewer jobs than the rest of the economy; 2) the labor markets became less flexible over time, with larger job flows after every decade; 3) the Civil Law countries have rate of job creation and net job variation larger than those Common Law countries, whose rate of job destruction is larger; 4) the emerging countries presented larger rates for all flows analyzed when compared to the OECD countries and to the transition economies; 5) the developing countries showed larger rate of job creation than the developed ones; and 6) the larger the economic growth and market opening, the larger is the net rate of job creation, since the job destruction is smaller.

Keywords: employment; job flows; meta-analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2009
Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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