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Acumulação de capital, restrição externa, hiato tecnológico e mudança estrutural: teoria e experiência Brasileira

Marcos Lamônica (), José Luís Oreiro () and Carmem Feijo
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Marcos Lamônica: Department of Economics, Universidade Federal Fluminense

No 92, Working Papers from Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics

Abstract: The periods of fast growth in the Brazilian economy from the post-war until the end of the 1970s have been constrained by imbalances in the foreign sector. We propose in this paper a model, based on Kaldor, where capital accumulation, technological gap and long run external constrain are connected. Our hypothesis is that capital accumulation, under certain circumstances, can overcome external constrain if the accumulation effort promotes structural change increasing the importance of sectors technological-intensive. It is expected that the structural change in this direction will contribute to an increase in the income-elasticity of exports and to a decrease in income-elasticity of imports, resulting in the increase in the growth rate of real product compatible with the balance of payments equilibrium in the long run. The last part of the paper shows that the high investment rate observed in the Brazilian economy from the post-war period until the end of the 1970s resulted in the deepening of the import substitution process, what, in our interpretation, contributed to partially increase the long run growth rate of the Brazilian economy compatible with the balance of payment equilibrium.

Keywords: structural change; technological progress; industrialization; external restriction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 20 pages
Date: 2009
Note: Creation Date corresponds to the year in which the paper was published on the Department of Economics website. The paper may have been written a small number of months before its publication date.
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