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As fontes da determinação da escolaridade dos trabalhadores da indústria de transformação brasileira

Rafael Pauli (), Luciano Nakabashi () and Armando Sampaio ()
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Armando Sampaio: Department of Economics, Universidade Federal do Paraná

No 98, Working Papers from Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics

Abstract: In this article, we analyze the swings sources of demand for labor force, according to the level of schooling, in the Brazilian manufacturing industry, in the 1994-2008 period of time. We consider two theories to explain these swings sources: the Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem (H-O) and the ability bias hypothesis. In the empirical analysis, we make use of decomposition analysis to verify which one of them best fits the data employed. The results of the empirical analysis give little support to the ability bias hypothesis when we utilize higher education labor force. Additionally, we find out that the international trade forces emphasized by the H-O Theorem are relevant in the Brazilian economy. However, it was verified that the increase of intermediate level of education labor force supply was the main cause of schooling increase in the manufacturing industry labor force.

Keywords: manufacturing industry; Heckscher-Ohlin Theorem; ability bias hypothesis; labor force qualification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 J24 J31 L16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 19 pages
Date: 2010
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