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Government promotion of scientific research and innovative activity at higher educational institutions: the main instruments of support, its scale and beneficiaries

Mikhail Kuzyk, N. Zudin and Yuri Simachev
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N. Zudin: Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy

Published Papers from Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy

Abstract: One typical feature of Russia’s science sector, inherited from the Soviet period, is the predominant role in its research and development (R&D) activities of the ‘traditional’ scientific research organizations, represented by the research institutes operating under the system of government-funded academies of sciences (academic science), as well as by the research institutes and R&D bureaus subordinated to branch ministries and government departments (sectoral science); meanwhile, the role of higher educational institutions (HEE) in those activities was rather modest. At the same time, since the early 2000s, the volume of R&D projects launched in Russia by higher educational institutions and the number of researchers participating in them, has been increasing at a stable rate both in absolute and relative terms. As a result, over the last one-and-a-half decades, the number of researchers involved in the higher education sector increased more than 1.5 times, the sector’s relative share in the total number of researchers and total internal R&D costs[1] nearly doubled, and the corresponding costs incurred by higher educational institutions in constant prices increased more than 4-fold.

Keywords: Russian economy; R&D; science; technology (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 I28 O3 O31 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2018, Revised 2018
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis and nep-sog
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Handle: RePEc:gai:ppaper:ppaper-2018-318