The state of science and innovations in Russia in 2021
Published Papers from Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy
In 2021, the sphere of science underwent institutional changes connected with completion of the system of state management of science. Collegiate bodies were created, which contribute to the strengthening of centralization and unification of accountability for budget financing. The state program of scientific and technological development was formed, which now combines all budget expenditures for civil research and development. Priority support for university science continued with a stronger focus on practical applications. The influence of the pandemic was clearly noticeable in the field of technological innovations. There was a reduction of internal expenses of companies on research and development with a simultaneous decrease in the intensity of partnerships with academic institutions and universities.
Keywords: Russian economy; R&D; science; technology (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 I28 O3 O31 O32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24 pages
Date: 2022, Revised 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis and nep-ppm
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https://www.iep.ru/files/RePEc/gai/ppaper/ppaper-2022-1206.pdf Revised Version, 2022 (application/pdf)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gai:ppaper:ppaper-2022-1206
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