Education system in Russia in 2021
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Tatiana Klyachko: RANEPA
Published Papers from Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy
In 2020, most school teachers, secondary vocational education instructors, lecturers of higher educational establishments (HEE), as well as learners believed that the pandemic would not last for long and, consequently, the adopted measures, including a shift to distance learning would be over soon. Late in 2020 and early in 2021, it became clear that the pandemic would continue for quite a long time and the existing approaches both to instruction and learning had to be adjusted. On one side, new technologies started to be utilized, while on the other side there was more comprehension of the existing resources being at the disposal of educational establishments, teachers and learners. Accordingly, the process of assessing shortages of technical equipment, skilled teachers and managers, as well as financial resources began.
Keywords: Education system; general education; vocational education; distance learning; higher education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I22 I23 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 15 pages
Date: 2022, Revised 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis and nep-ure
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https://www.iep.ru/files/RePEc/gai/ppaper/ppaper-2022-1218.pdf Revised Version, 2022 (application/pdf)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gai:ppaper:ppaper-2022-1218
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