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Distal Determinants of Fertility decline: Evidence from 640 Indian Districts

S.K. Mohanty, Guenther Fink (), Rajesh K. Chauhan and David Canning ()
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S.K. Mohanty: International Institute for Population Sciences
Guenther Fink: Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
Rajesh K. Chauhan: Population Research Centre

PGDA Working Papers from Program on the Global Demography of Aging

Abstract: Using data from national census and large-scale population surveys over the last two decades (1991-2011), this paper examines the role of female education, under-five mortality and poverty as the distal determinants of fertility across 640 districts of India. Our results suggest a remarkable degree of convergence across all distal determinants, but only limited evidence of convergence for fertility. Both the level and changes of female literacy were strongly associated with fertility change, and the same was true, even though to a lesser extent, for under-5 mortality. Our results suggest that changes in mortality and female education can explain majority of the large fertility declines observed over the sample period, while the contribution of improved socioeconomic status to fertility declines appears to be very limited. JEL Codes:

Keywords: fertility transition; district; female literacy; under-five mortality; poverty; India (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-10
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