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Population Aging in India: Facts, Issues, and Options

Arunika Agarwal (), Alyssa Lubet (), Elizabeth Mitgang, S.K. Mohanty and David Bloom
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Arunika Agarwal: Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
Alyssa Lubet: Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health
Elizabeth Mitgang: Georgetown University Center on Medical Product Access, Safety, and Stewardship
S.K. Mohanty: International Institute for Population Sciences

PGDA Working Papers from Program on the Global Demography of Aging

Abstract: India, one of the world’s two population superpowers, is undergoing unprecedented demographic changes. Increasing longevity and falling fertility have resulted in a dramatic increase in the population of adults aged 60 and up, in both absolute and relative terms. This change presents wideranging and complex health, social, and economic challenges, both current and future, to which this diverse and heterogeneous country must rapidly adapt. This chapter first lays out the context, scope, and magnitude of India’s demographic changes. It then details the major challenges these shifts pose in the interconnected areas of health, especially the massive challenges of a growing burden of noncommunicable diseases; gender, particularly the needs and vulnerabilities of an increasingly female older adult population; and income security. This chapter also presents an overview of India’s recent and ongoing initiatives to adapt to population aging and provide support to older adults and their families. It concludes with policy recommendations that may serve as a productive next step forward, keeping in mind the need for urgent and timely action on the part of government, private companies, researchers, and general population. JEL Codes: J11; J14; N30

Keywords: Population aging; Economic demography; Longevity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age and nep-hea
Date: 2016-10
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