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Fertility, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Demographic Dividend

David Bloom, David Canning (), Guenther Fink () and Jocelyn Finlay ()
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Guenther Fink: Harvard School of Public Health
Jocelyn Finlay: Harvard School of Public Health

PGDA Working Papers from Program on the Global Demography of Aging

Abstract: We estimate the effect of fertility on female labor force participation in a cross-country panel data set using abortion legislation as an instrument for fertility. We find a large negative effect of the fertility rate on female labor force participation. The direct effect is concentrated among those aged 20–39, but we find that cohort participation is persistent over time giving an effect among older women. We present a simulation model of the effect of fertility reduction on income per capita, taking into account these changes in female labor force participation as well as population numbers and age structure.

Keywords: fertility; labor supply; demographic dividend (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ltv
Date: 2007-10
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Related works:
Journal Article: Fertility, female labor force participation, and the demographic dividend (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Fertility, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Demographic Dividend (2007) Downloads
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