The Contribution of Population Health and Demographic Change to Economic Growth in China and India
David Canning (),
Yuanli Liu (),
Ajay Mahal and
Winnie Yip ()
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Linlin Hu: Tsinghua University (School of Public Policy and Management)
Yuanli Liu: Harvard School of Public Health
Winnie Yip: Harvard School of Public Health
PGDA Working Papers from Program on the Global Demography of Aging
We find that a cross-country model of economic growth successfully tracks the growth takeoffs in China and India. The major drivers of the predicted takeoffs are improved health, increased openness to trade, and a rising labor force-to-population ratio due to fertility decline. We also explore the effect of the reallocation of labor from low-productivity agriculture to the higher productivity industry and service sectors. Including the money value of longevity improvements in a measure of full income reduces the gap between the magnitude of China's takeoff relative to India's due to the relative stagnation in life expectancy in China since 1980.
Keywords: aging; health; retirement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: The contribution of population health and demographic change to economic growth in China and India (2010)
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