Global Value Chains: Benefiting the Domestic Economy?
Victor Kummritz ()
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Victor Kummritz: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies - Centre for Trade and Economic Integration
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Victor Stolzenburg ()
No 02-2015, IHEID Working Papers from Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies
Global Value Chains (GVCs) have become a central topic in trade and development policy but little is known about their actual impact on economic performance because data availability has been limited. Using a new unique set of Inter- Country Input-Output tables with extensive country coverage, I look at the relationship between GVC participation and domestic value added at the industry-level to determine if and for whom GVCs are beneficial. I show that GVC participation is positively related to domestic value added along the value chain. However, this effect is only significant for middle- and high-income countries. Deriving novel source/destination country-specific indicators, I present evidence on theoretical transmission channels between GVCs and domestic value added that explain these results. More specifically, I find support for productivity enhancing effects through cost savings when richer countries source from low-wage countries. In contrast, low- and middle-income countries only benefit from technology upgrading and spillovers if they have sufficient levels of absorptive capacity.
Keywords: Global Value Chains; International Trade; Economic Development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F14 F15 F63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gii:giihei:heidwp02-2015
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