EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Immigration and the Path-Dependence of Education: German-Speaking Immigrants, On-the-Job Skills, and Ethnic Schools in São Paulo, Brazil (1840-1920)

Bruno Gabriel Witzel de Souza ()
Additional contact information
Bruno Gabriel Witzel de Souza: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, http://www.uni-goettingen.de/de/mitarbeiter/64391.html

No 234, Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers from Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research

Abstract: This paper studies the impact of German-speaking immigrants on the path dependence of human capital accumulation in the State São Paulo, Brazil. Using a new dataset based on Almanacs from 1873 and 1888, we are able to test if (i) the cultural component, (ii) immigrants' on-the-job-skills, and (iii) their ethnic schools influenced the historical accumulation of human capital. No robust evidence was found for the first two explanations. On the other hand, for the 1910s, German schools had strong positive impacts on enrollment, not only for private, but also for state schools, a result which suggests the occurrence of spillover and contagion effects. Such impact tends, however, to dissipate over time and it does not survive for current educational performance. In addition, the paper shows that the pathdependence of education is conditional on the type of school: while there is a positive persistence in enrollment in private schools over the 20th century, enrollment in state schools depends negatively on its historical levels, reflecting convergence toward 100% enrollment rates in primary schooling. Furthermore, current stocks of human capital, measured by illiteracy and years of education, are shown to be strongly impacted by completion and enrollment in state schools back in the 1910s.

New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-his, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2016-02-09
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/ibero/working_paper_neu/DB234.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:got:iaidps:234

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers from Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sabine Jaep ().

 
Page updated 2018-11-03
Handle: RePEc:got:iaidps:234