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Testing Quantum-like Models of Judgment for Question Order Effects

Thomas Boyer-Kassem, Sébastien Duchêne and Eric Guerci ()
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Thomas Boyer-Kassem: Archives H. Poincaré (UMR 7117 CNRS)

No 2015-06, GREDEG Working Papers from Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France

Abstract: Lately, so-called 'quantum models' based on parts of the mathematics of quantum mechanics, have been developed in decision theory and cognitive sciences to account for seemingly irrational or paradoxical human judgments. In this paper, we limit ourselves to such quantum-like models that address order effects. It has been argued that such models are able to account for existing and new empirical data, and meet some a priori predictions. From the quantum law of reciprocity, we derive new empirical predictions that we call the Grand Reciprocity equations, that must be satisfied by quantum-like models on the condition that they are non-degenerate. We show that existing non-degenerate quantum-like models for order effects fail this test on several existing data sets. We take it to suggest that degenerate quantum-like models should be the focus of forthcoming research in the area.

Keywords: Order effects; Decision theory; Quantum probability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C10 C40 C44 D03 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
Date: 2015-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm
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http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2015-06.pdf First version, 2015 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Testing quantum-like models of judgment for question order effect (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Testing quantum-like models of judgment for question order effect (2016)
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