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Ethnic and Racial Disparities in Children's Education: Comparative Evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam

Mohamed Arouri (), Adel Ben Youssef and Cuong Nguyen ()

No 2016-25, GREDEG Working Papers from Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France

Abstract: We investigate whether there are racial and ethnic disparities in children's education in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam. We find that in all four countries, and especially Vietnam, children from small ethnic groups have lower education attainment and cognitive ability. The gap in educational attainment and cognitive ability among ethnic children is larger than the gap in school enrolment, and the gap tends to be wider for older children. Using the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, we find that the main contribution to the gap in education between children from small ethnic groups and children from large ethnic groups in India, Peru and Vietnam is the difference in endowments (i.e., characteristics of children and their families) rather than a in the coefficients of endowments. However, in Ethiopia, the difference in the coefficients contributes more than the difference in endowments to the gap in education. Child health, parental education, household expenditure and an urban environment are important variables for explaining the gap in education between children from small and large ethnic groups.

Keywords: Children's education; racial disparities; low-income countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J13 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2016-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-dem, nep-edu, nep-sea and nep-ure
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http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2016-25.pdf First version, 2016 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Ethnic and racial disparities in children's education: Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Viet Nam (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic and racial disparities in children's education: Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Viet Nam (2019)
Working Paper: Ethnic and racial disparities in children's education: Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam (2016) Downloads
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