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Border Communities Understanding on The Human Trafficking in Indonesia-Malaysia Border Region: Case Study in Sambas District, West Kalimantan

Muhammad Iqbal ()
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Muhammad Iqbal: Universitas Mercu Buana Jakarta, Indonesia. Author-2-Name: Yuherina Gusman Author-2-Workplace-Name: National Chengchi University Taipei

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Abstract: "Objective – The aim of this study is to determine the understanding of people in the periphery of Indonesia-Malaysia border on safe migration and human trafficking. Methodology/Technique – This study used survey methodology with quantitative and qualitative approaches. The quantitative approach was used to determine the general data about the knowledge of the society – regarding the content and objectives of the campaign– as campaign target groups. Qualitative approach is also used to measure the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of the informant. The population of this study are the head of the family or the breadwinner of the family who have productive age as family member(s). Data sampling technique were collected by using purposive sampling. This study was conducted in Sambas district, West Kalimantan Province. Findings –The results showed that among 150 respondents, only 68 people, or approximately 45.3% of them know the terminology of trafficking. The respondents were able acknowledged trafficking when it was replaced with the phrase “perdagangan orang” (trafficking in Bahasa, literally means the selling of people). There were 71 people or about 47% of respondents aware of what can be categorized as trafficking in persons, namely: fraud, use of violence, forgery, threatened with violence, abuse of power, confinement and kidnapping. Novelty – Based on the findings that migrant workers from the border areas, especially at region of Sambas a are vulnerable to human trafficking, due to their very limited knowledge about the crime of Trafficking in Persons and this will suggest for further educational development initiative by authorities in those areas."

Keywords: Community; Human Trafficking; Indonesia-Malaysia Border; Safe Migration. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 I25 K37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig and nep-sea
Date: 2017-07-20
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Published in Journal of Management and Marketing Review, Volume 2, Issue 3

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