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Labour market dynamics in Canada, 1891-1911: A first look from new census samples

Kris Inwood, Chris Minns and Mary MacKinnon

No 1014, Working Papers from University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance

Abstract: This paper uses newly available census evidence to portray changes in labour market outcomes in Canada between 1891 and 1911. Multiple census cross-sections allow for the documentation of how the location, occupation, and earnings of Canadian and foreign-born cohorts changed over time. The westward movement of young anglophones after 1901 contributed to the formation of a national labour market. Anglophone, francophone, and foreign-born cohorts all experienced significant occupational mobility between 1891 and 1911, but francophones and immigrants remained over-represented at the bottom of the occupational ladder. Greater occupational and geographical mobility supported higher rates of earnings growth among Anglophones.

Keywords: labour market; census; Canada; ethnicity; anglophone; francophone; occupations; earnings regression; 1891; 1901; 1911 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J61 J62 N31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-his and nep-lab
Date: 2010-10
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