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Water, energy, and food Security in the Asia Pacific Region

Makoto Taniguchi (), Naoki Masuhara and Kimberly Burnett ()
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Makoto Taniguchi: Research Department, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature
Naoki Masuhara: Research Department, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature
Kimberly Burnett: University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa

No 2015-10, Working Papers from University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa

Abstract: Security measures of three resources; water, energy and food are analysed for thirty two countries in the Asia Pacific region, in terms of amounts of the resource, self-production, and diversity of souces of each resource. We find that the Asia Pacific countries contain almost half of the world’s income and population, and are more self-sufficient in food production than the rest of the world, but are less self-sufficient in energy production. The self-production ratio of food within the Asia Pacific region has been decreasing since the 1960’s, though the ratio is still over 100 %. On the other hand, the self-production energy rate within the Asia-Pacific region increased from 82 % in the 1970’s up to 95 % in 2010. Diversity for all the three resources is also analyzed using surface water and groundwater for water sources; hydro power, geothermal power, solar, and biomass for energy; and cereals, vegetable, fruit, meat, and fish for food. We see high diversity of sources of water in the US and the Philippines, and a low diversity of sources of food in the US, Canada, and Indonesia.

Pages: 9 pages
Date: 2015-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-ene and nep-sea
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