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Global Influences on Gender Inequality: Evidence from Female Employment in Korea

Jaerim Choi () and Theresa Greaney

No 202003, Working Papers from University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics

Abstract: Do multinational enterprises (MNEs) from more gender-equal countries bring gender-equal employment practices with them to a less gender-equal host country? Using difference-in-differences, nearest-neighbor-matching, and event study techniques along with firm-level data for Korea, a country with low gender equality, we find evidence that MNEs bring their country of origin’s gender norms in employment with them. Korean firms that switch to majority foreign ownership report 2 to 12 percentage-points higher female shares of permanent main-task workers at firm headquarters compared with non-acquired firms and the differential increases with the level of gender equality in the MNEs’ home countries. We estimate that 1 to 7 percent of the productivity increase caused by foreign acquisition can be attributed to workforce reorganization that may reduce gender-based misallocations of talent.

Keywords: Gender inequality; Foreign ownership (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec and nep-lab
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http://www.economics.hawaii.edu/research/workingpapers/WP_20-03R.pdf First version, 2020 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Global Influences on Gender Inequality: Evidence from Female Employment in Korea (2019) Downloads
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