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Native language, spoken language, translation and trade

Jacques Melitz and Farid Toubal

Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL

Abstract: We construct new series for common native language and common spoken language for 195 countries, which we use together with series for common official language and linguistic proximity in order to draw inferences about (1) the aggregate impact of all linguistic factors on bilateral trade, (2) the separate role of ease of communication as distinct from ethnicity and trust, and (3) the contribution of translation and interpreters to ease of communication. The results show that the impact of linguistic factors, all together, is at least twice as great as the usual dummy variable for common language, resting on official language, would say. In addition, ease of communication plays a distinct role, apart from ethnicity and trust, and so far as ease of communication enters, translation and interpreters are significant. Finally, emigrants have much to do with the role of ethnicity and trust in linguistic influence.

Keywords: Language; Bilateral trade; Gravity models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-07
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01306641
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Published in International Journal of Transport Economics, Fabrizio Serra editore, 2014, 93 (2), pp.351-363. ⟨10.1016/j.jinteco.2014.04.004⟩

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Journal Article: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2014)
Working Paper: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Native Language, Spoken Language, Translation and Trade (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Native language, spoken language, translation and trade (2012) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01306641

DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2014.04.004

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