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Protéger la biodiversité

François Facchini ()
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François Facchini: CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL

Abstract: Biodiversity is associated in the public debate with the disappearance of living species as emblematic as the white rhino or the African elephant. It was the subject of a law in 2011 and 2015 and was elevated to the rank of fight of the century1 in the same way as the climate by the Metz Charter of the G7 group in May 2019. According to the last presidential address, it would involve i) a plan against deforestation in the Amazon, ii) rules capable of reducing the use of phytosanitary products, iii) an increase in public aid to farmers who are committed to the environment (eco-subsidy) and iv) a ban on imports resulting from deforestation by 2030. The fight against deforestation would therefore require a right to interfere, public aid and therefore taxes and a ban. This article defends that the solutions are elsewhere. The solution lies in economic development and the implementation of appropriate property rights regimes. The first section explains why economic development is a necessary condition for the protection of ecosystems (natural habitat) and biodiversity (1). The second section shows the triple environmental dividend of implementing an appropriate property regime (2). The first environmental dividend of a good property regime is the advent of economic development. The second environmental dividend of good ownership is the implementation of institutional mechanisms that limit the overexploitation of natural resources (water, air, fauna, flora, landscape, etc.). The third environmental dividend of private property is the implementation of a rule of responsibility that limits pollution.

Keywords: biodiversité; environnement; droit de propriété; faune; flore; déforestation; pauvreté (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-12
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Published in Journal des libertés, Institut de Recherches Economiques et fiscales, 2020, pp.147-163

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