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The Economic Determinants of the Olympic Performance in Communist and Post-Communist Countries

Wladimir Andreff
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Wladimir Andreff: CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL

Abstract: The chapter first reminds the statist model of sport, its overshooting Olympic performance, and reforms before its final collapse. Moving towards a market-compatible sport system during the transformational economic crisis was not without hindrances ending up into a hybrid sports industry. All these changes affected Olympic performance downwards. Econometric modelling explains all nations' medal totals at Summer Olympic Games by GDP per capita, population, a host country effect, regional sport specialisation, and a political regime variable taking on board communist and post-communist specificity. A similar model is adapted to Winter Games by adding two variables, snow coverage and endowment in winter sports resorts. Both models provide a statistically significant explanation of how medal totals have evolved in post-communist nations. Used for forecasting, the Winter Olympics model enables checking the impact of doping on Olympic performance with a natural experiment at the 2014 Sochi Games.

Keywords: Political economy; Sochi 2014; Olympic Winter Games; Communism; Doping (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Published in Wladimir Andreff. Comparative Economic Studies in Europe. A Thirty Year Review, Springer International Publishing, pp.377-412, 2021, Studies in Economic Transition, 978-3-030-48294-7. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-48295-4_18⟩

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DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-48295-4_18

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