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The pollution haven hypothesis: a geographic economy model in a comparative study

Sonia Ben Kheder () and Natalia Zugravu-Soilita
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Sonia Ben Kheder: CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne

Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL

Abstract: Although based on theoretical foundations, the pollution haven hypothesis stating that heterogenous environmental regulations between countries influence multinational firms' location decisions, has never been clearly proven empirically. In this study, we reexamine this hypothesis by a fresh take on both its theoretical and empirical aspects. While applying a geographic economy model on French firm-level data, we confirm the pollution haven hypothesis for a global sample. Through sensitivity analysis, we validate it for Central and Eastern European countries, emerging and high-income OECD countries, but not for the major part of the Commonwealth of Independent States countries. Finally, we show that the pollution haven hypothesis is confirmed in the strongest manner for emerging economies.

Keywords: pollution haven hypothesis; FDI; environmental regulation; economic geography; pollution haven hypothesis.; IDE; réglementation environnementale; économie géographique; hypothèse de pollution haven. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-04
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00344845
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Published in 2008

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Related works:
Working Paper: The Pollution Haven Hypothesis: A Geographic Economy Model in a Comparative Study (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: The Pollution Haven Hypothesis: A Geographic Economy Model in a Comparative Study (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: The pollution haven hypothesis: a geographic economy model in a comparative study (2008) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00344845

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