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Dropping the Cass Trick and Extending Cass' Theorem to Asymmetric Information and Restricted Participation

Lionel De Boisdeffre ()
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Lionel De Boisdeffre: CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Abstract: In a celebrated 1984 paper, David Cass provided an existence theorem for financial equilibria in incomplete markets with exogenous yields. The theorem showed that, when agents had symmetric information and ordered preferences, equilibria existed on purely financial markets, supported by any collection of state prices. This theorem built on the so-called "Cass trick", along which one agent had an Arrow-Debreu budget set, with one single constraint, while the other agents were constrained a la Radner (1972), that is, in every state of nature. The current paper extends Cass' theorem to asymmetric information, non-ordered preferences and restricted participation. It refines De Boisdeffre (2007), which characterized the existence of equilibria with asymmetric information by the no-arbitrage condition on purely financial markets. The paper defines no arbitrage prices with asymmetric information. It shows that any collection of state prices, in the agents' commonly expected states, supports and equilibrium. This results is proved without using the Cass trick, in the sense that budget sets are defined symmetrically across all agents. Thus, the paper suggests, in the symmetric information case, an alternative proof to Cass'

Keywords: Radner budget set; Debreu budget set; state price; arbitrage; asymmetric information; restricted participation; financial markets; perfect foresight; sequential equilibrium; existence de l'équilibre; anticipations parfaites; équilibre temporaire; équilibre séquentiel; anticipations rationnelles; marchés financiers incomplets; asymétrie d'information (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-03
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Published in 2021

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