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Du pluralisme dans la science

Nicolas Bouleau ()
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Nicolas Bouleau: CIRED - Centre international de recherche sur l'environnement et le développement - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - AgroParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: We study the pluralism of the scientific knowledge. Starting with the mathematical examples of non-standard analysis and the Edo period in Japan (Sangaku) we analyse the modelization as a representation and interpretation of the context of the action of an economic agent. We attempt to deepen the reflection on power and weakness of the monism. We emphasize what we call the analytic superiority prejudice as the main source of confusion between pluralism and relativism. Eventually we analyse the phenomenon of the hump of Jules Dupuit as a result of any process of economization, especially in the domain of knowledge.

Keywords: pluralism; monism; non-standard analysis; relativism; economy of knowledge; pluralisme; monisme; analyse non-standard; sangaku; relativisme; économie de la connaissance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-11-15
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00374576
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