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The French defence industry in the knowledge management era: A historical overview and evidence from empirical data

Sarah Guillou (), Nathalie Lazaric (), Christian Longhi and Sylvie Rochhia

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Abstract: In the defence industry the recent development of ‘market for technology', the creation of new European high-technology companies as well as transformations in government agencies have conducted firms to reposition their technological and organisational skills. Our objective is to show that the transformations that have occurred in the past ten years have not only redefined skills and the organisation of production but have also given a more strategic place to knowledge management practices. Thus, we provide a contextual and historical overview with qualitative interviews in order to better understand the relation between KM and innovative behaviour in this industry. We have also built an original industrial and technological database with various samples that provides quantitative information concerning KM and innovative practices. The results of the statistical analysis reveal the specificity of firms in the defence industry. Taking into account the size of the firms and their technological intensity, we show that the behaviour of firms in the defence industry in terms of KM practices is different to that of other firms. The technological performances, the innovation intensity and the patent intensity also show the specificity of this industry. This structural tendency is explained as an innovative behaviour of the French NIS rather than as a mere "trend"

Keywords: technological performance.; innovation; Knowledge management practices; R&D; technological performance; Defence industry (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00457550
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Published in Research Policy, Elsevier, 2009, 38 (1), pp.170-180

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Journal Article: The French defence industry in the knowledge management era: A historical overview and evidence from empirical data (2009) Downloads
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