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Trade, employment and fertility transition

Ai Ting Goh

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Abstract: This paper investigates the link between trade and fertility in developing countries. Household fertility is determined by the time cost of children. Women working in the manufacturing sector face a higher time cost, and hence desire fewer children than women working in the agricultural sector. If the developing country has a comparative advantage in labour-intensive manufactures, then trade raises the demand for female labour in the manufacturing sector, thus lowering fertility.

Keywords: Trade; fertility; employment; labour intensive exports; capital accumulation; agricultural productivity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1999-06-01
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Published in Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 1999, Vol.8, n°2, pp.143-184. ⟨10.1080/09638199900000010⟩

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DOI: 10.1080/09638199900000010

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