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The Impact of Governance and Institutional Quality on MFI Outreach and Financial Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Thierno Barry and Ruth Tacneng

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Abstract: his paper examines whether shareholder-owned MFIs financially and socially perform better than NGOs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We also investigate the role of institutional quality in altering MFIs' incentives and behavior in determining outreach. Our results indicate that NGOs are more profitable and have better outreach than banks and cooperatives. While a weak rule of law favors relationship-based exchanges and thus, results in NGO superiority, stronger institutional quality may encourage banks to cater to more borrowers, hence, shareholder-owned MFIs do not socially perform differently from NGOs. Overall, this study shows that NGOs are the best conduits of microfinance in SSA.

Keywords: sub-Saharan Africa; microfinance; NGOs; governance; institutional quality; outreach (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-unilim.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00941134
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Published in World Development, Elsevier, 2014, 58, pp.1-20. ⟨10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.12.006⟩

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00941134

DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.12.006

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