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Empirical Analysis of the EKC Hypothesis for SO2 Emissions in Selected Middle East and North African Countries

Adel Ben Youssef, Mohamed El Hedi Arouri (), Hatem M'Henni () and Christophe Rault ()
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Mohamed El Hedi Arouri: LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Christophe Rault: LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CESifo - Center for Economic Studies and Ifo for Economic Research - CESifo Group Munich

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Abstract: Studying the impact of economic growth on the environment in the context of developing countries has become of increasing economic importance in recent years. Alarming international reports show that pollutants emissions are growing at their highest level ever, particularly in the South countries. This paper implements recent bootstrap panel unit root tests and cointegration techniques to investigate the relationship between Sulfur dioxide emissions and real GDP for 12 MENA countries over the period 1981–2005. Our investigations lead to the result that no evidence is found for the EKC hypothesis for 10 country of the region. However, the EKC hypothesis is valid for the case of Egypt and Tunisia; the two most industrialised and diversified economies in our sample. At the same time, our findings show that EKC is not valid for the region when considered as a whole.

Keywords: MENA countries; panel data; Economic Growth; Sulfur Dioxide emissions; Q28 Key words: Environmental Kuznets Curve; Q25; O11; JEL Classification: C23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-12-01
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01082259
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Published in Journal of Energy and Development, International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development, 2012, 37, 37 (1 & 2), pp.207-226

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