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Employment and education effects on HIV/AIDS prevalence rate and economic growth: empirical investigation in ECOWAS

Komivi Afawubo () and Samuel Mathey

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Abstract: We analyse the simultaneous effects of employment and education on GDP growth and HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in the long and short run across the 15 countries of ECOWAS. Our results suggest that employment and primary education are the main HIV/AIDS prevalence rate reduction drivers in the short run with primary education having a simultaneous effect on HIV/AIDS prevalence rate (reduction) and GDP growth (increase) while secondary education drives the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate reduction in the long term. Education and employment may therefore become the short-run policy targets in combatting HIV/AIDS prevalence rate among the active population and achieving economic growth. Our results equally suggest that GDP growth by itself may not be an HIV/AIDS reduction driver. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Keywords: EMPLOYMENT (Economic theory); ECONOMIC development; EMPIRICAL research; GROSS domestic product; DISEASE prevalence; HIV (Viruses) ― Prevention; economic growth; education and economic development; employment; health; I25; O47; Q52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01369791
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Published in Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis (Routledge): SSH Titles, 2014, 21 (11), pp.755 - 759

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