This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa
Nicolas Berman (),
Mathieu Couttenier (),
Dominic Rohner () and
Mathias Thoenig ()
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We combine georeferenced data on mining extraction of 14 minerals with information on conflict events at spatial resolution of 0.5 o x 0.5 o for all of Africa between 1997 and 2010. Exploiting exogenous variations in world prices, we find a positive impact of mining on conflict at the local level. Quantitatively, our estimates suggest that the historical rise in mineral prices (commodity super-cycle) might explain up to one-fourth of the average level of violence across African countries over the period. We then document how a fighting group's control of a mining area contributes to escalation from local to global violence. Finally, we analyze the impact of corporate practices and transparency initiatives in the mining industry.
Keywords: Armed Civil Conflict; Natural-Resources; War; Curse; Colombia; Greed; Oil; Institutions; Corruption; Grievance (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in American Economic Review, American Economic Association, 2017, 107 (6), pp.1564-1610. 〈10.1257/aer.20150774〉
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Journal Article: This Mine Is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa (2017)
Working Paper: This Mine is Mine! How Minerals Fuel Conflicts in Africa (2015)
Working Paper: This mine is mine! How minerals fuel conflicts in Africa (2014)
Working Paper: This Mine is Mine! How minerals fuel conflicts in Africa (2014)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01633984
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