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Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain

Marion Mercier, Anda David (), Ramón Mahia and Rafael de Arce ()
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Ramón Mahia: UAM - Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

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Abstract: Using the ECM2 survey data on Ecuadorian migrants returning from Spain, we investigate the determinants of reintegration upon return. We study how the migration experience, but also the before- and after-migration characteristics, correlate with migrants' outcomes upon return. We adopt a broad conception of reintegration, considering jointly labor market-related outcomes that proxy for structural reintegration and subjective indicators that provide insights on sociocultural reintegration. The determinants of these two types of outcomes appear to be different: reintegration indeed encompasses multiple dimensions which cannot be captured by a single indicator. Our results suggest that return assistance programs' efficiency in helping reintegration could be improved by (i) targeting, ex-ante, returnees who plan to launch their own business, and, ex-post, the most vulnerable workers (women, older returnees, unemployed), and (ii) facilitating the labor market integration of foreign-educated returnees. They also call for further research to better understand the consequences of these programs.

Keywords: Migration de retour; Satisfaction; Equateur; Espagne; Returnees; Integration; Ecuador; Spain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01726275
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Published in International Migration, 2016, 54 (6), ⟨10.1111/imig.12288⟩

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Working Paper: Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Reintegration upon return: insights from Ecuadorian returnees from Spain (2016) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01726275

DOI: 10.1111/imig.12288

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