EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries

Frédéric Docquier (), Aysıt Tansel () and Riccardo Turati

Post-Print from HAL

Abstract: This paper empirically investigates whether emigrants from MENA countries self-select on cultural traits such as religiosity and gender-egalitarian attitudes. To do so, we use Gallup World Poll data on individual opinions and beliefs, migration aspirations, short-run migration plans, and preferred destination choices. We find that individuals who intend to emigrate to OECD, high-income countries exhibit significantly lower levels of religiosity than the rest of the population. They also share more gender-egalitarian views, although the effect only holds among the young (aged 15 to 30), among single women, and in countries with a Sunni minority. For countries mostly affected by Arab Spring, since 2011 the degree of cultural selection has decreased. Nevertheless, the aggregate effects of cultural selection should not be overestimated. Overall, self-selection along cultural traits has limited (albeit non negligible) effects on the average characteristics of the population left behind, and on the cultural distance between natives and immigrants in the OECD countries.

Keywords: International migration; self-selection; cultural traits; gender-egalitarian attitudes; religiosity; MENA region (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-int, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2018-03-26
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01743729
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published in FERDI Working paper P220. 2018

Downloads: (external link)
https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01743729/document (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Do Emigrants Self-Select Along Cultural Traits? Evidence from the MENA Countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do Emigrants Self-Select along Cultural Traits? Evidence from the MENA Countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA Countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do emigrants self-select along cultural traits? Evidence from the MENA countries (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Do Emigrants Self-Select Along Cultural Traits? Evidence From the MENA Countries (2008) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01743729

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Post-Print from HAL
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CCSD ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-09
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01743729