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Back to Square One - Socioeconomic Integration of Deported Migrants

Mariana-Anda David
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Mariana-Anda David: LEDA-DIAL - Développement, Institutions et Modialisation - LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)

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Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of socioeconomic integration of forced return migrants, focusing on the Maghreb countries. Starting from the hypothesis that the return has to be prepared, we test whether adisruption in the migration cycle (such as deportation) increases the individual's vulnerability and affects his integration from both a structural and sociocultural point of view, using the 2006 MIREM survey. We find that forced returnees are more vulnerable to negative labour market outcomescompared to voluntary returnees. The absence of forced returnees from the labour market, or their underperformances, creates a net loss for the origin country and also incentives to re-migrate. The negative effect is statistically significant not only immediately after return, but also in the long run, atsurvey time. Forced return is also significantly and negatively correlated with sociocultural integration, reflecting a marginalization of deported migrants in their home environment, which may act as a re-emigration incentive.

Keywords: intégration socio-culturelle; Migration de retour; migration forcée; expulsion; marché du travail; Maghreb (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-mig
Date: 2017
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Published in International Migration Review, 2017, 51 (1), ⟨10.1111/imre.12208⟩

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