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Clean technology transfers and North-South technological gap: An important issue for environmental policies

Patrick Schembri () and Olivier Petit ()
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Patrick Schembri: Cemotev - Centre d'études sur la mondialisation, les conflits, les territoires et les vulnérabilités - UVSQ - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines

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Abstract: This paper aims at discussing the main stakes of clean technology transfer between the North and the South in a context of economic globalization and climate change. We present a model of environmental taxation between two asymmetric countries, the North and the South. It shows that (i) there exists a technological gap between the North and the South which results from an imperfect absorptive capability of the South; (ii) this absorptive capability defines the rate of innovation in clean technologies for the South; (iii) this technological gap contributes to explain why the South pollutes more than the North in a non-cooperative game in which the environmental tax rates determine the location of the firms; (iv) cooperation is possible only if a financial transfer between the North and the South can be set. This financial transfer is a measure of the cost of this so-called Win-Win strategy. JEL Classification: F18, H23, Q54, O33.

Keywords: clean technology transfert; global warming; environmental taxtion; the pollution haven hypothesis; transfert de technologie propre; Réchauffement climatique; taxation climatique; hypothèse de "paradis de pollution" (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-09-22
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02510717
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Published in Économie Internationale, La Documentation française, 2010, 120 (4), pp.109-129

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