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Besiege den Kapitalismus, mache die Demokratie neu. Die Einsätze des Delibereralismus von Éric Dacheux und Daniel Goujon

Defeat capitalism, remake democracy. The stakes of delibereralism, by Éric Dacheux and Daniel Goujon

Dominique Desbois ()

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Abstract: Defeat capitalism, remake democracy. The stakes of deliberalism. Éric Dacheux and Daniel Goujon. Éditions érès, 2020, Toulouse, 360 p., 29.50 euros. The idea of ​​deliberative democracy is not new in political science because it can be traced back to the crisis of the Greek city in the 5th century BC with the birth of Athenian democracy based on the isgoria, the faculty for each citizen to speak to exercise their power of amendment within the Ecclesia (deliberative assembly voting on the law). In Anglo-Saxon political philosophy, the deliberative ideal remains a major paradigm of legitimization in political decision-making. In France, the establishment of nuclear power plants has established an experimental laboratory for consulting the populations affected by this type of decision. In his work Political Liberalism after Theory of Justice, John Rawls introduces deliberation to give his conception of public reason a foundation that takes into account the pluralism of metaphysical conceptions. From the publication of L'espace public, the deliberation is at the heart of the thought of Jürgen Habermas taking root in the social criticism of capitalism proposed by the Frankfurt School. However, outside of the political economy of communication, the deliberative paradigm remains unthought in the field of economics. This is why, it seems necessary to give a detailed account of the recent theoretical essay by Eric Dacheux and Daniel Goujon on the economic anchoring of deliberative democracy. Both the economic crisis of 1929 and the financial crisis of 2008 empirically demonstrate the inability of the neoliberal approach to predict the crises of the functioning of the capitalist system. Especially since historical developments such as market generalization, the globalization of trade, the financialisation of investments and markets, or the digital transition appear to be out of phase with the liberal conception of neoclassical theory rejecting any intervention by the State outside market failures, the obvious example being ecology where environmental damage is considered as "externalities". Certainly, standard economic theory gradually incorporates external criticism into its hypothetical corpus, for example those formulated by behavioral economics leading to a certain "de-rationalization" of human actors. However, the new methods developed cannot reject the paradigm of market superiority as an efficient mechanism for allocating resources. As Edgar Morin affirms in one of his most recent works "Denouncing is not enough or is not enough anymore": a triple ecological, economic and political crisis is taking hold with increasing intensity, widely propagated by so-called "laws of market ". The authors of this work share with the philosopher the idea that we must henceforth state what we must strive for. To put it more precisely, Éric Dacheux, professor of information and communication sciences and Daniel Goujon, lecturer in economics, affirm that what they call "orthodox economics" dominant in the academic environment has changed little as the world changes.

Keywords: Théorie écononomique; Capitalisme; Démocratie -Délibération; Démocratie - Science politique (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-04-20
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hme and nep-hpe
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Published in 2020

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