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Long-term Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers: review of the evidence

Karen Macours, Teresa Molina Millan (), Tania Barham (), John Maluccio () and Marco Stampini ()
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Teresa Molina Millan: NOVA SBE - NOVA - School of Business and Economics - NOVA - Universidade Nova de Lisboa = NOVA University Lisbon
Tania Barham: University of Colorado [Boulder]

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Abstract: Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programs, started in the late 1990s in Latin A merica, have become the antipoverty program of choice in many developing countries in the region and beyond. We review the literature on their long- term impacts related to the accumulation of human capital and observed after children have reached a later s tage of their life cycle, focusing on two life- cycle transitions. The first includes children exposed to CCTs in utero or early childhood who have reached school ages. The second includes children exposed to CCTs during school ages who have reached young adulthood. Most studies find positive long -term effects on schooling, but fewer find positive impacts on cognitive skills, learning or socioemotional skills. Impacts on employment and earnings are mixed, possibly because former beneficiaries were often still too young. A number of studies find estimates that are not statistically different from zero, but for which it is often not possible to be confident that this is due to an actual lack of impact rather than to the methodological challenges facing all long -term evaluations. Developing further opportunities for analyses with rigorous identification strategies for the measurement of long- term impacts should be high on the research agenda. As original beneficiaries age, this should also be increasingly possibl e, and indeed important before concluding whether or not CCTs lead to sustainable poverty reduction.

Keywords: long- term impacts; conditional cash transfers; progresa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02619281
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Published in World Bank Research Observer, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019, in press

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Related works:
Journal Article: Long-Term Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers: Review of the Evidence (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Long-Term Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers: Review of the Evidence (2019)
Working Paper: Long-Term Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers: Review of the Evidence (2019)
Working Paper: Long-Term Impacts of Conditional Cash Transfers: Review of the Evidence (2018)
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