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Est-ce parce qu'ils sont mariés que les hommes mariés gagnent plus que les hommes non-mariés?

Bruno Jeandidier ()

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Abstract: The economic analysis of marriage poses the hypothesis that, due to the tra-ditional gender-biased specialization within the couple, the husband should receive a wagepremium following marriage. The international empirical literature on the issue howeverseems to challenge this hypothesis. We propose an empirical literature review that showsthat the controversy arises from the fact that part of the observed wage premium is ex-plained by a selection effect, and the premium net of selection is weakly correlated withspecialization. Other explanations could then explain the marriage premium : the discri-mination of employers and a responsibility effect. But the empirical literature relating tothese two alternative approaches is less well-supplied and does not lead to definite conclu-sions : few works clearly identify an effect of discrimination by employers, and articlesadvancing the idea of a responsibility effect, especially in terms of effect of paternity, arenot convergent.

Date: 2019
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Published in L'actualité économique. Revue d'analyse économique, HEC Montréal, 2019, 95 (1), pp.109-145

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