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Environmental convergence and environmental Kuznets curve: A unified empirical framework

Laté Lawson, Roberto Martino and Phu Nguyen-Van ()
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Laté Lawson: BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine
Roberto Martino: BETA - Bureau d'Économie Théorique et Appliquée - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UNISTRA - Université de Strasbourg - UL - Université de Lorraine

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Abstract: Existing studies disjointly addressed the environmental convergence and environmental Kuznets curve hypotheses, though these research lines are theoretically interconnected. This paper proposes a unified empirical methodology to simultaneously investigate both hypotheses, relying on a semiparametric dynamic panel data model that accounts for regressor endogeneity. The approach, when applied to CO2 emissions in 106 countries, suggests that there is no global level evidence supporting the environmental Kuznets hypothesis, while a convergence process is taking place. Our results imply that current international agreements have not been sufficiently binding to globally curb CO2 emissions, especially in high-income countries, as aimed by Sustainable Development Goals.

Keywords: CO2; emissions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-eff, nep-ene, nep-env and nep-isf
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03098130
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Published in Ecological Modelling, 2020, 437, ⟨10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2020.109289⟩

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03098130

DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2020.109289

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