EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Social welfare and inequalities in Morocco: A theoretical and empirical analysis

Bien-être social et inégalités au Maroc: Une analyse théorique et empirique Social welfare and inequalities in Morocco: A theoretical and empirical analysis

Najib Bahmani () and Mustapha Jaad
Additional contact information
Najib Bahmani: Faculté des Sciences Juridiques Économiques et Sociales d'Agadir, Université Ibn Zohr [Agadir]
Mustapha Jaad: Faculté des Sciences Juridiques Économiques et Sociales d'Agadir, Université Ibn Zohr [Agadir]

Post-Print from HAL

Abstract: Since the beginning of the twentieth century, when the concept of "Well-being" has found its new place in economics, the welfare economics, has since consisted of evaluating economic situations, and mainly, the terms of distribution. The debate that was before is only about the measurement of value and utility. Happiness, or well-being, was synonymous with anything that provides satisfaction without necessarily being "useful", yet the relativity of measuring utility was simplified by cumulative aggregation. Indeed, collective well-being represents the sum of the levels of well-being (or utility) of the individuals who make up the community considered. The useful is therefore anything that contributes to maximizing social well-being. Utilitarianism, through functions of marginal utility, has made it possible to identify the optimum of collective and social well-being. On the other hand, and according to the principle of maximization of the sum of well-being, the hypothesis of an equitable distribution of shares, in particular of income between the members of a society, requires that the marginal gain in well-being, in the allocation of resources to different individuals, ie the same everywhere. The fundamental and recapitulated matrix of utilitarianism was uttered by Jeremy Bentham: "The greatest happiness of the greatest number is the measure of just and unjust." The utilitarian doctrine was therefore crucial in the development of several theories in economic and social sciences. We cite in particular the theory of justice. The latter stipulates according to its founder John Rawls, that Men are too egocentric and selfish to determine the principles of fair and equitable distribution of wealth: they seek only to derive their own benefit. Through a theoretical base which presents the economy of well-being, and the theory of justice, our article will deal with the problem of economic inequalities and its perspectives on the attainment of social well-being, in its most extreme ideal's conditions. However, the quest to maximize individual and social well-being was also the subject of several critiques of the utilitarian approach. The cross-sectional analyzes, which we will undertake, will thus allow us to focus our gaze on other modern theories, namely general equilibrium theory, social choice theory, capability theory, and also that of social justice.

Keywords: Inequalities; social justice; well-being; social welfare; Inégalités; Justice sociale; bien-être; Bien-être social; Faculté des sciences économiques; sociales et juridiques Inequalities; social welfare. JEL Classification: I31; D63; H75; P36; P46 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021-10-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-hap, nep-his and nep-upt
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.science/hal-03375656
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Published in International Journal of Accounting, Finance, Auditing, Management and Economics, 2021, ⟨10.5281/zenodo.5528317⟩

Downloads: (external link)
https://hal.science/hal-03375656/document (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03375656

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5528317

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Post-Print from HAL
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CCSD ().

 
Page updated 2023-09-12
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03375656