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Marx, Schumpeter et les classes sociales

Fabrice Dannequin and Fabien Tarrit ()
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Fabrice Dannequin: REGARDS - Recherches en Économie Gestion AgroRessources Durabilité Santé- EA 6292 - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne - MSH-URCA - Maison des Sciences Humaines de Champagne-Ardenne - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
Fabien Tarrit: REGARDS - Recherches en Économie Gestion AgroRessources Durabilité Santé- EA 6292 - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne - MSH-URCA - Maison des Sciences Humaines de Champagne-Ardenne - URCA - Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne

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Abstract: This paper proposes a cross-analysis the contributions of Karl Marx and of Joseph Alois Schumpeter on social classes. It discusses their discrepancies on two issues, the former helping to elaborate on the latter. Both authors admit the existence of social classes on the basis of hierarchy and of discipline. For Marx, they rely on the conflict, which can bring changes that aim to abolish the class hierarchy. As such, it needs an consciousness for facilitating the shift from an objective class in itself to a subjective class for itself. For Schumpeter, a significant degree of discipline is a condition to ensure the progress related to capitalism. Therefore, while Marx conceives capitalism as a transitional mode of social organization, which sows the seeds of its own disequilibrium and demise, Schumpeter regrets the planned end of capitalism, with the decline of innovation and then of progress, through bureaucratization.

Keywords: Marx Karl; Schumpeter; Classes sociales (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-03-23
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-hme, nep-hpe and nep-pke
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Published in Actuel Marx, 2022, 71 (1), pp.175-189. ⟨10.3917/amx.071.0175⟩

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-03633005

DOI: 10.3917/amx.071.0175

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