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Coping with shocks: How Self-Help Groups impact food security and seasonal migration

Timothée Demont

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Abstract: Combining seven years of household data from an original eld experiment in villages of Jharkand, East India, with meteorological data, this paper investigates how Indian Self-Help Groups (SHGs) enable households to withstand rainfall shocks. I show that SHGs operate remarkably well under large covariate shocks. While credit access dries up in control villages one year after a bad monsoon, reecting strong credit rationing from informal lenders, credit ows are counter-cyclical in treated villages. Treated households experience substantially higher food security during the lean season following a drought and increase their seasonal migration to mitigate expected income shocks. Credit access plays an important role, together with other SHG aspects such as peer networks. These ndings indicate that local self-help and nancial associations can help poor farmers to cope with climatic shocks and to implement risk management strategies.

Keywords: Micronance; credit; climatic shocks; risk management; resilience; seasonal migration; food security (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev and nep-mfd
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Published in World Development, 2022, 155, pp.105892. ⟨10.1016/j.worlddev.2022.105892⟩

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DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2022.105892

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